Private Pilot Licence

A Private Pilot License (PPL) will allow you to fly almost anywhere, with passengers, in a Canadian-registered aircraft. 

A Private Pilot Licence could be enhanced with additional ratings to allow the holder to fly sea planes or multi-engine aircraft as well as flight in any weather condition day or night. It acts as a foundation upon which such ratings can be added.

PPL is also a pre-requisite to our Commercial Pilot Diploma

Insignia College Admission Requirements

Applicant must be a minimum of 17 years of age.

Transport Canada Minimum Requirements

Private Pilot Licence



An applicant shall be a minimum of 17 years of age.

Medical Fitness

  • An applicant shall hold a Category 3 Medical Certificate valid for a Private Pilot Licence

Written Exam

An applicant shall have:

  • Completed a minimum of 40 hours private pilot aeroplane ground school instruction on the following subjects:
    • (i) Canadian Aviation Regulations,
    • (ii) Aerodynamics and Theory of Flight,
    • (iii) Meteorology,
    • (iv) Airframes, Engines and Systems,
    • (v) Flight Instruments,
    • (vi) Radio and Electronic Theory,
    • (vii) Navigation,
    • (viii) Flight Operations,
    • (ix) Licensing Requirements, and
    • (x) Human Factors, including pilot decision-making; and
  • Obtained a minimum of 60% in each of the following four mandatory subject areas as well as in the overall written examination Private Pilot Licence – Aeroplane (PPAER):

    • (i) Air Law – regulations, rules and orders, air traffic services, practices and procedures, and licensing requirements relevant to the licence;
    • (ii) Navigation – navigation, radio aids and electronic theory;
    • (iii) Meteorology;
    • (iv) Aeronautics – General Knowledge – airframes, engines and systems, theory of flight, flight instruments and flight operations.

Flying experience

  • (a) An applicant shall have completed a minimum of 45 hours private pilot flight training in aeroplanes under the direction and supervision of the holder of a Flight Instructor Rating – Aeroplane. A maximum 5 of the 45 hours may be conducted on an approved aeroplane simulator or flight training device.
  • (b) The flight training shall include a minimum of:
    • (i) 17 hours dual instruction flight time, including a minimum of 3 hours cross-country flight time and 5 hours of instrument time of which a maximum of 3 hours may be instrument ground time; and
    • (ii) 12 hours solo flight time, including 5 hours cross-country flight time with a flight of a minimum of 150 nautical miles which shall include 2 full stop landings at points other than the point of departure.

Flight Test

Within the 12 months preceding the date of application for the licence, an applicant shall successfully complete a flight test as pilot-in-command of an aeroplane in accordance with Transport Canada authorized examiner.

Application Fee:  $250
Textbooks: $199

Flight Training cost based on Transport Canada Minimum:

  Hours Rates/hr Total
Dual Flights 17 Hours $202/hr $3434
Solo Flights 12 Hours $152/hr $1824
Instructor Briefings 5 Hours $50/hr $250

Ground school:

Total: $599

Additional Flight Time (16 Hours): Time Building to reach 45 hours total time

  Hours Rates/hr Total
Dual Flights 16 Hours $202/hr $3232

Note: All rates are the same for domestic and international students.

The cost is based on the Cessna 172 Skyhawk.

The time required to achieve a PPL – Aeroplane Licence is dependent on each student’s abilities and performance. This cost includes briefings from Instructors, and the minimum 45 hours’ flight training as per Transport Canada PPL – Aeroplane Licence requirements.  The breakdown of costs are based on the average PPL student completing the PPL – Aeroplane Licence.

Fuel surcharges will apply on top of these hourly rates. Prices are subject to change, and taxes are applied where applicable.

(Effective September 1, 2019)

Disclaimer: This program does not require approval by the registrar of the Private Training Institutions Branch (PTIB) of the Ministry of Advanced Education, Skills & Training. As such, the registrar did not review this program.