Private Pilot License

A Private Pilot License (PPL) will allow you to fly almost anywhere, with passengers, in a Canadian-registered aircraft. 

A Private Pilot Licence could be enhanced with additional ratings to allow the holder to fly sea planes or multi-engine aircraft as well as flight in any weather condition day or night. It acts as a foundation upon which such ratings can be added.

PPL is also a pre-requisite to our Commercial Pilot Diploma

Transport Canada Minimum Requirements

Private Pilot Licence



An applicant shall be a minimum of 17 years of age.

Medical Fitness

  • An applicant shall hold a Category 3 Medical Certificate valid for a Private Pilot Licence

Written Exam

An applicant shall have:

  • Completed a minimum of 40 hours private pilot aeroplane ground school instruction on the following subjects:
    • (i) Canadian Aviation Regulations,
    • (ii) Aerodynamics and Theory of Flight,
    • (iii) Meteorology,
    • (iv) Airframes, Engines and Systems,
    • (v) Flight Instruments,
    • (vi) Radio and Electronic Theory,
    • (vii) Navigation,
    • (viii) Flight Operations,
    • (ix) Licensing Requirements, and
    • (x) Human Factors, including pilot decision-making; and
  • Obtained a minimum of 60% in each of the following four mandatory subject areas as well as in the overall written examination Private Pilot Licence – Aeroplane (PPAER):

    • (i) Air Law – regulations, rules and orders, air traffic services, practices and procedures, and licensing requirements relevant to the licence;
    • (ii) Navigation – navigation, radio aids and electronic theory;
    • (iii) Meteorology;
    • (iv) Aeronautics – General Knowledge – airframes, engines and systems, theory of flight, flight instruments and flight operations.

Flying experience

  • (a) An applicant shall have completed a minimum of 45 hours private pilot flight training in aeroplanes under the direction and supervision of the holder of a Flight Instructor Rating – Aeroplane. A maximum 5 of the 45 hours may be conducted on an approved aeroplane simulator or flight training device.
  • (b) The flight training shall include a minimum of:
    • (i) 17 hours dual instruction flight time, including a minimum of 3 hours cross-country flight time and 5 hours of instrument time of which a maximum of 3 hours may be instrument ground time; and
    • (ii) 12 hours solo flight time, including 5 hours cross-country flight time with a flight of a minimum of 150 nautical miles which shall include 2 full stop landings at points other than the point of departure.

Flight Test

Within the 12 months preceding the date of application for the licence, an applicant shall successfully complete a flight test as pilot-in-command of an aeroplane in accordance with Transport Canada authorized examiner.

Application Fee:  $250  
Textbooks: $199  

Flight Training cost based on Transport Canada Minimum:

  Hours Rates/hr Total
Dual Flights  17 Hours $202/hr $3434
Solo Flights  12 Hours $152/hr $1824
Instructor Briefings   5 Hours $50/hr $250

Ground school:

Total: $599

Additional Flight Time (16 Hours): Time Building to reach 45 hours total time

  Hours Rates/hr Total
Dual Flights  16 Hours $202/hr $3232

Note: All the rates are same for domestic and international students.

The cost is based on Cessna 172.

The breakdown of costs is based on the average PPL student completing PPL Licence. Buildup time required is dependent on hours currently accumulated. This cost includes average briefings from Instructor, Minimum Flight Training as per Program and hour building up-to 45 hours of Flight Time. 

Fuel surcharges will apply on top of these hourly rates. Prices subject to change and tax is applied where applicable.

(Effective September 1, 2019)