Foreign Pilot Licence Conversion

If you have FAA licence:

Canada and the U.S. have an agreement that allows pilots to convert their Federal Aviation Administration ( FAA ) certificate to a Transport Canada Civil Aviation ( TCCA ) licence, or vice versa. This is called an Implementation Procedures for Licensing ( IPL ) agreement.

Complying with this agreement allows pilots to convert their licences or certificates without meeting all exact requirements of the other country’s regulations.

Types of licences and certificates that apply

The IPL allows for the conversion of:

  • aeroplane and rotorcraft-helicopter categories for these licensing levels:
    • private
    • commercial
    • airline transport, and
  • aircraft type, aeroplane class and instrument ratings

FAA certificate to TCCA licence

If you hold an FAA airman certificate and want to get an equivalent TCCA pilot licence, read the Advisory Circular appropriate to you (aeroplane or helicopter category):

TCCA licence to FAA certificate

TCCA licence holders who wish to convert to an FAA certificate must comply with “pilot licence verification of authenticity and eligibility” requirements. These are listed in the FAA .

If you have an ICAO Licence:

Recreation:

Foreign pilots wishing to fly in Canada for recreation must hold a foreign licence validation certificate.

Employment:

Foreign pilots wishing to work in Canada must hold Canadian Commercial Pilot Licence (CPL) or Airline Transport Licence (ATPL). This requires you to meet medical fitness, knowledge, experience and skill requirements set out in the Canadian Aviation Regulations (CARs) Part VI, Subpart 1 – Flight Crew Permits, Licences and Ratings.

Transport Canada is source to this information. We’ve added some explanations and further information about the conversion procedures.

Transport Canada will grant credits to foreign pilot licence holders, provided that the following requirements are met:

  1. Foreign Licence must be medically valid, and
  2. Originates from the country that is a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

Transport Canada will grant credits to ground school instruction requirement, provided that the following requirements are met:

  1. hold a commercial or higher type of pilot licence in the aeroplane category, which was issued by an International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) member country, and
  2. meet applicable experience requirements

 

 

 

 

Private Pilot Licence

There are 3 options for the ICAO Private pilot licence holders:

Recreational Flying in Canada: Foreign Licence Validation Certificate (FLVC)

A foreign pilot licence of a visitor whose residence is outside Canada may be validated for flight training and recreational purposes. The foreign pilot licence must be valid under the law of the issuing state and valid (with a current Canadian Aviation Medical) for the privileges appropriate to the specific purpose. An applicant should apply for a Foreign Licence Validation Certificate (FLVC) before arriving in Canada.

The FLVC will be issued for a period of one year at which time the applicant may choose to renew it, or apply for a permanent Canadian Pilot Licence. Below is the process to apply for the FLVC:

1. Fill out this form
2. Include a copy of your licence , medical, passport, english test, and the form, and email it to plo-LPOpnr@tc.gc.ca
It takes up to 20 days to process and then you can fly as pilot in command of a Canadian registered airplane.
Cost is $55

Private Pilot Licence Issued On the Basis of Foreign Licence (Foreign based PPL)

If you are visiting Canada on a regular basis or are staying here for an extended period of time and want a Canadian Private Pilot Licence for a term longer than one year, you have the option to convert your current foreign pilot licence to a Canadian Private Pilot Licence. An applicant who is the holder of a Private Pilot Licence issued by another ICAO member country shall be considered to have met the ground school, written examination and flight test requirements provided they can show their foreign pilot licence and personal pilot logbook. In order to convert to a Canadian Private Pilot Licence you will need to:

1. Obtain a Canadian Aviation Medical (Class III or higher) prior to coming to Canada if possible – for a complete list of approved medical examiners, see: Approved Medical Examiners

2. Complete the Transport Canada PSTAR exam (can be completed at Insignia College)

3. Complete a minimum of 5 take-offs and landings within 6 months preceding the date of application

4. Have a minimum of the following flight experience in your pilot logbook:
– 45 Hours Total Flight Time
– 12 Hours Solo Flight Time
– 5 Hours Instrument Flight Time
– 3 Hours Dual Cross Country Time
– 5 Hours Solo Cross Country Time

5. Complete an Aviation Language Proficiency Test (Transport Canada will transfer any language proficiency of Level 4, 5 or 6)

6. Complete the Canadian Restricted Radio Operator Exam (can be completed at Insignia College).

7. Pay $55 CAD to Transport Canada via their website

Once you have completed the above requirements at the closest Transport Canada Licensing Office, you will be issued a Canadian Private Pilot Licence which will state that it is based on your existing foreign pilot licence. To remove this restriction from your Canadian Private Pilot Licence, you must successfully complete the PPL written examination (PPAER) and the Private Pilot flight test with an approved Transport Canada-approved pilot examiner.

Canadian Private Pilot Licence (PPL)

If you are coming to Canada to train for the Canadian Commercial Pilot Licence, you will first need to hold an unrestricted TCCA PPL, as follows:

Remove the restriction of your Canadian PPL being based on your foreign PPL by completing all requirements in option #2 above, plus:

Successfully complete the PPL written examination (PPAER)

Successfully complete the PPL flight test with an approved Transport Canada-approved pilot examiner

Get a Study Permit (for duration of stay six months or greater)

Complete a Class 3 or higher Canadian Aviation Medical – Approved Medical Examiners

Commercial Pilot Licence

To obtain a Canadian commercial pilot licence – aeroplane category (CPL-A), foreign pilots must meet all requirements set out in the CARs Standard 421, section 421.30. The following information is a summary of the requirements only.

To successfully earn a Canadian CPL-A, you must:

  1. Complete medical examination requirements and hold a Category 1 medical certificate.

    Aviation medical examiners designated by contracting states of the ICAO may do your medical exam. We will supply you with the correct medical form upon request.

  2. Provide proof that you meet the experience requirement. Be prepared to show us a log book of your flight experience for our review.

    Read CARs Standard 421, section 421.30, para. (4) to learn more.

  3. To meet the knowledge requirement, successfully complete the Commercial Pilot Licence – Aeroplane (CPAER) medical examination.

    Read CARs Standard 421, section 421.30, para. (3) to learn more.

  4. Meet the skill requirement by successfully completing a practical flight test.

    Read CARs Standard 421, section 421.30, para. (5) to learn more.

  5. Complete your licence application.
    • Submit proof of foreign citizenship and age
      • See CARs Standard 421, section 421.06, para. (1) and (2) for a list of acceptable documents to prove your citizenship and age
    • Provide your foreign licence and log book for evaluation
    • Submit your licence application form(s)
    • Pay the appropriate licence fee. We will not process your application until we receive this fee. Use Transport Canada’s new  Online Payment System – this is the fastest way to pay.

      You may also submit payment (cheque, Visa, Mastercard or American Express) to a Civil Aviation regional office, usually with your application form.

 

Multi-Engine Rating

To obtain a multi-engine rating endorsed on the CPL-A, you must meet the requirements set out in CARs Standard 421, section 421.38, para. (3).

We may issue you a multi-engine rating based upon your current rating if you fulfill one of the following:

  1. you have 50 hours of experience as pilot-in-command on multi-engine aeroplanes, or
  2. you met the standard of the state that issued the rating, in the preceding 12 months (based on your date of application)

If you cannot meet these requirements, you must successfully complete a practical flight test.

Instrument Rating

To obtain an instrument rating endorsed on the CPL-A, you must meet the knowledge and skill requirements set out in CARs Standard 421, section 421.46 by successfully completing:

  1. the Instrument Rating (INRAT) written examination, and
  2. a flight test

Airline Transport Pilot Licence (ATPL)

To obtain a Canadian airline transport pilot licence – aeroplane (ATPL-A), foreign pilots must meet all requirements set out in CARs Standard 421, section 421.34. The following information is a summary of the requirements only.

To successfully earn a Canadian ATPL-A, you must:

  1. Complete medical examination requirements and hold a Category 1 medical certificate.
  2. Provide proof that you meet the experience requirement. Be prepared to show us a log book of your flight experience for our review.

    Read CARs Standard 421, section 421.34, para. (4) to learn more.

  3. To meet the knowledge requirements, successfully complete the following written examinations:
    • Meteorology, Radio Aids to Navigation and Flight Planning (SAMRA)
    • Aviation Regulations and Air Traffic Procedures, Aeroplane Operations and General Navigation (SARON)
    • Instrument Rating (INRAT)

    Read CARs Standard 421, section 421.34, para. (3) to learn more.

  4. Meet the skill requirement by successfully completing a flight test in a multi-engine aeroplane (excluding centre-line thrust) suitably equipped for instrument flight rules (IFR) flight in controlled airspace.

    Read CARs Standard 421, section 421.34, para. (5) to learn more.

  5. Complete your licence application.
    • Submit proof of foreign citizenship and age
      • See CARs Standard 421, section 421.06, para. (1) and (2) for a list of acceptable documents to prove your citizenship and age
    • Provide your foreign licence and log book for evaluation
    • Submit your licence application form
    • Pay the appropriate licence fee. We will not process your application until we receive this fee. Use Transport Canada’s new Online Payment System – this is the fastest way to pay.

      You may also submit payment (cheque, Visa, Mastercard or American Express) to a Civil Aviation regional office, usually with your application form.

Flight Training

If you require any flight training to meet the requirements set out by Transport Canada, you will pay standard Aircraft Rates.

Duration

Duration for Licence conversion is highly dependant on the qualifications of an individual and the licence or rating you wish to convert.

If you meet all the requirements and you are current and proficient, the process generally takes about 1 week.

Disclaimer: This is a licence conversion process and is not qualified under a program and it does not require approval by the registrar of the Private Training Institutions Branch (PTIB) of the Ministry of Advanced Education, Skills & Training. As such, the registrar did not review this process. Transport Canada is the only regulatory body for this process.